[Hwanggi effect] Checked the protective effect of brain neurons in sprouts
[Hwanggi effect] Checked the protective effect of brain neurons in sprouts

[Hwanggi effect] Checked the protective effect of brain neurons in sprouts

Hwanggi and Gosam

Sometimes, there are people who send pictures of their neighbors and ask if they are Hwanggi, but so far, they have all been seniors, not Hwanggi.

Hwanggi and Gosam are so similar that they are confused, but there are various distinctions, but the only sure way to distinguish them is that natural Hwanggi is less likely to meet than Cheonjong Sansam, which is said to be precious and precious in the wild. In short, in the wild, it is not the yellow flag but the high school senior.

▲ the third year of high school

▲ yellow flag

the distinction between the yellow flag and the high school senior

a distinction point

Yellow flag (in genus of yellow flag genus)

Gosam (Gosam genus)

a flower stand

It comes out of the armpits of the leaves.

It hangs at the end of the stem.


soft fur all over

Small hairs only on young branches

the shape of a flower

The calyx is protruding and pointed

a round shape with a flat calyx

yellow flag

The current Korean name Hwanggi is based on the Joseon Botanical Hyangmyeong Collection (Joseon Museum Research Association, Jeong Tae-hyun et al. 3, 1937). Hwanggi originated from the Chinese character 芪黃, and “Hwang” means yellow, and “Gi” means Danneseam (=Hwanggi). It is presumed that the reason for the 黃 porcelain is that the dried root of the yellow flag used as a medicinal material is yellow.

▲ Hwanggi Roots / Photo: Encyclopedia of Korean National Culture

yellow flag

Hwanggi (Mongolian milkvetch)

perennial plant of the family Rhizomidae

학명 Astragalus penduliflorus Lam. var. dahuricus (DC.) X.Y. Zhu

The genus name Astragalus is derived from Greek gore and is a term used for legumes or similar-shaped legumes and plants, and refers to plants of the genus “Bean” and “Hwanggi”. The species name penduliflorus means ‘of drooping flowers’, and the variant name dahuricus means ‘of the Dahurian region’ of Siberia.

characteristics of the yellow flag

The yellow flag, which grows more than 1m in height, has some hair all over it and the stem stands straight. The leaves are misaligned, have short follicles, and are odd-shaped layered leaves consisting of 6 to 11 pairs of small leaves, and the flowers are 15-18mm long and pale yellow, blooming in July and August and exuding as racemes. The landscape is long, many flowers are in close contact, and they flock to one side. The fruit is oval in shape, 2 to 3 cm long, and has a slight gloss.

Sulfur nutrients

Rural Development Administration

General Components of the Yellow Flag Underground

The general ingredients of the Hwanggi underground are 11.5g of protein, 0.3g of lipid, 35g of crude fiber, and 3.3g of ash per 100g of food, and 89.2mg of calcium, 57.6mg of phosphorus, 22.0mg of sodium, 88.2mg of magnesium, 1070.3mg of potassium, 3.5mg of iron, and 2.2mg of zinc. The composition of these general ingredients shows slight differences depending on the number of years of cultivation. (Survey on General Ingredients and Inorganic Content of herbal medicines distributed in Gangwon-do, Gangwon-do Institute of Health and Environment, 2011)

The amino acids in the Hwanggi underground are 36.93mg/g of aspartic acid, 14.04mg/g of glutamic acid, 4.87mg/g of serine, 5.33mg/g of glycine, 4.77mg/g of histidine, 10.43mg/g of arginine, 4.91mg/g of threonine, 6.90mg/g of proline 8.03mg/g, 5.29mg/g2mg of methine, and 7.29mg/g2mg/g/g/g2mg of glycine. (Investigation of amino acid content in herbs, Korean Food Science Association, 1998)

General Components of the Yellow Flag Ground Section

The general ingredients of the yellow ground are 27.30g of crude protein (0.0153538g in volatile base nitrogen content), 12.69g of George fat, 12.51g of carbohydrates, 27.6g of dietary fiber, 0.86g of ash, and the main sugar is D-glucose, D-galactose, and 27㎉3g per 100g per 100g.

In the case of yuraminoic acid in the sulfur phase, it contains 0.52μg/g of phosphoserine, aspartic acid 484.2μg/g, serine 102.5μg/g, γ-aminobutyric acid 0.38μ/g, hydroxylysines 107242.2μg, orythine 107.4μg/g, and orythine 107.4μg/g/g/g.

It contains 68.3 mg/kg (19 times the root), calcium (154 times the root), sodium (526.6 mg/kg), phosphorus (35 times the root), potassium (21,290 mg/kg) (20 times the root), selenium 0.03 mg/kg, and molydenum.

Vitamin A is 0.11μg/g (root not detected), vitamin B1 is 281.2μg/g, niacin (B3) is 341.0μg/g, and vitamin B2 is 1,600μg/g, so the vitamin B complex content in the ground is more than the vitamin B complex content (vitamin B1 0.16μg, vitamin B2 0.15μg, and 0.06μg).

Unlike the abundance of vitamin C in the Hwanggi underground, vitamin C was not detected in the ground. Tocopherol, a fat-soluble vitamin contained in the sulfur ground, has only γ-tocopherol (36.95 μg/g) and α-tocopherol (45.00 μg/g), and the sulfur ground has a lower level of tocopherol content than the general tocopherol content of 39 mg/g.

yellow flag efficacy

Since ancient times, Hwanggi has been used as a medicine to reinforce the energy after ginseng. ​

Hwanggi is a perennial herb of the leguminosae family contained in the Korean Pharmacy, and is used as an herbal medicine by removing the roots of Hwanggi or Mongolian Hwanggi as it is, and is native to China, Korea, and Japan.

The origin of the Hwanggi is the Sinnongbonchokyeong, a book established between China’s Huhan and the Three Kingdoms Period, divided 365 drugs into Sangyak, Jungyak, and Hayak according to their medicinal effects, and Hwanggi is listed in the product.

Lee Si-jin said that Hwanggi’s sulfur means yellow and Gi means Jang, and now it is generally used as Hwanggi. There are several species such as white water flag, red water flag, and wooden flag, and it is said that white water flag has the best medicinal effect.

In Korea, Hwanggi, Jeju Hwanggi, Jajuhwanggi, Gaehwanggi, Jeongseon Hwanggi, Jajuhwanggi, Yeomju Hwanggi, Long Flower rhubarb, Seolryeong Hwanggi, and Gaethwanggi are reported.

The roots of the Hwanggi and Jeju Hwanggi are called Hwanggi, and the leaves are called Hwanggi Gyeongyeop, and the taste is sweet, the properties are slightly warm and flat, and they are not poisonous. Because of its sweet and warm nature, it has the property of holding it, and it is not strong, so it can be widely used

Hwanggi’s efficacy is to strengthen the flag, strengthen the body, urinate well, push out the poison, release pus, heal the abscess, and raise new flesh.

The lack of energy, the lack of energy, the lack of food, the watery stool, the old diarrhea, the chalhang, the change of blood, the boru, the lack of swelling due to the lack of body marks, the lack of perspiration, the lack of perspiration, the lack of persistent blood flow.

As a folk medicine, if you sweat weakly, weakly, or coldly when you sleep, you eat the yellow root with boiled chicken water, and it is also used for asthma.

Hwanggi is used after digging in the fall to remove the soil, cut off the root of the root and side, dry it in the sun, and take 9 to 15g (30 to 60g when used in large quantities). It is used as an exchange system and an acid system.

The leaves of the yellow flag have the effect of jigal and treat muscle cramps, Ongjong, and Jeochang.

Verification of the protective effect of brain neurons in yellow shoots

National Institute of Horticultural Science 2022.06.08

Prevents nerve cell death in Parkinson’s disease experimental models…

Expectations for the use of food ingredients

▲ yellow shoots

Amid the various effects of sprout crops, the Rural Development Administration (Director Cho Jae-ho) confirmed through experiments that Hwanggi sprouts are effective in protecting nerve cells in the brain and applied for patents. (Pharmaceutical composition for the prevention and treatment of Parkinson’s disease, containing a yellow sprout extract as an active ingredient)

Hwanggi, which is commonly used as herbal medicine and food, generally uses dried roots.

In Donguibogam, Hwanggi helps you gain weight, stops you from having a fever after being cold, treats you from hearing loss due to weak kidneys, and stops pain. It also treats all kinds of diseases and various gynecological diseases of children

Based on the fact that other crops are rich in functional ingredients, the Rural Development Administration selected Hwanggi sprouts by evaluating the yield and cultivation method of three medicinal crops registered as food ingredients by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety.

The researchers spread the Hwanggi seeds, which had been immersed in water for about 20 hours, in a plastic box with good drainage, gave them water four times a day, grew them for 15 days, and freeze-dried to produce a Hwanggi sprout extract.